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  You are at: Procedure info > Gynaecology > Sterilisation

















What is sterilisation?

Sterilisation anatomyThis is a permanent method of female sterilisation, which is usually performed laparoscopically - small cuts are made in the tummy skin, which allows the specialist to insert narrow instruments into the abdomen. The fallopian tubes are then closed off, usually by using clips to squeeze the tubes shut. This stops eggs being carried from the ovary to the uterus, and therefore prevents future pregnancy.


What happens after sterilisation surgery?

You will often be allowed to go home on the same day. You will need to rest for a day or two, but should be able to slowly return to normal activities after that. Your periods should not change after the procedure, and you will no longer need any other form of contraception.


What are the risks of laparoscopic sterilisation?

This is a common procedure, and is usually safe. Complications can occasionally occur, though, which include:

  • Damage to internal organs - this risk is about 1 in 1000, and may need further surgery.

  • Failure of procedure - placing the laparoscope inside the abdomen will not be possible in about 1 in 200 cases. The sterilisation procedure can still be performed, but may need a small cut in the bikini line.

  • Infection - this may need antibiotics for treatment.

  • Bleeding - this occasionally requires a blood transfusion or further surgery

  • Ectopic pregnancy - rarely, the clips can damage the tubes. If an egg is fertilised in the tube, then the embryo can grow in the tube which may require surgery

  • Failure of sterilisation - this risk is approximately 1 in 200



Any procedure involving skin incision can also result in unfavourable scarring, wound infection, or bleeding. This list of risks is not exhaustive, and you should discuss possible complications with your specialist. Whilst these risks will seem very worrysome, and indeed can be serious, it should also be borne in mind that many people have no postoperative problems whatsoever.

The information provided is for guidance only and you should discuss matters fully with your specialist before deciding if this is the right procedure for you. Please also read our disclaimer






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